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Context from multiple views, 3D from motion parallax, visual surprises from point of view and hidden gems.  Surprise reveal to create drama by looking for visually engaging views and then find a surprising  transition in. Hide behind foreground and  track  side/vertical to interest, pan to interest.


iPhone 14 

12MP Ultra Wide: 13 mm, ƒ/2.2 aperture and 120° field of view

48MP 1x Main: 24 mm  60 deg FOV  30 arcsecs optical resolution.  9 mm diagonal  1X1um pixel.

12MP 3x Telephoto: 77 mm 20 deg FOV, up to 15x with digital zoom = 400mm store RAW and denoise (soft), 25 asec l/s resolution with sharpening. 

Video 9x max = 200mm.  20 asecs pitch resolution. HDTV pixel count. 

Sony 7as 100mm 2 x better resolution.

For walking landscape track use  cell pone + Hyperlapse 5x  + Active track and move slowly.

Turntable side track use Activetrack to maintain orientation.

For forward, back  or close side track use cell phone + full lock + Action mode 1x. 


For telephoto up to 200mm, use cell phone 2x (50mm) lens w/o Hyperlapse, wave stabilize in PP, zoom and sharpen in PS.


Beyond 200mm, use NikonP1000 stepped frames with carefully alignment to target, in roughly 0.5degree increments to cover at least 10 deg, combine into movie and zoom in PS, stretch using 10% speed  with Optical Force, wave stabilize in PP.  0.5 deg  = 1 stride for every 100 m of distance from target, needs at least 20 frames.


For max realism in pan use fast follow, slow joystick  and slow zoom.   

Boat stationary -

Video with  gimbal cell phone - No extra pixels to do image stab. Full lock gimbal - fast follow and Action mode up to 9x (200mm fl ) with post sharpening and stabilize.  Camera on centerline of boat. 

Still cell phone 15x (400mm fl) and 25 asec l/s resolution. 

Nikon P1000 manual focus to deal with moving boat - resolution 5 asec l/s @ 400mm, 5x better than cell phone. 

Boat driven - Action video handheld ,

Use 1x (24mm) for max stabilization

100mm for human perspective, so use 4x (100mm) lens on cell phone with gimbal. 


Cycle - Lock or Active track 



Night view stills or time lapse -

cell phone Apple Night mode. Sony 7as 20mm or 100mm.  Human ISO1 daylight, ISO800 low light.

Night view stills on boat - cell phone Mimo gimbal  Lock, photo using Apple Night, or Procamera for RAW.

Moon, or eclipse  sun, with foreground needs extreme depth of field using f16-f32 only on Sony 7as . 100mm lens at f32 has a 6m -inf DOF.

Planets - Nikon P1000 + Fornax stage, or Celestron SCT + Svbony +AVX stage

Galaxies - Celestron RASA + QHY RGB + AVX Stage

Nebula - Celestron RASA + QHY SHO + AVX or 100mm + QHY SHO + Fornax.

Milky Way - 20mm or 8mm + Sony7a, 100mm <5 secs exposure. 

Wildlife - 

P1000  still and video

Night wildlife still and video -  Sony 7as no filter + f2 100mm +  moon light or spot light. - 1/50 ISO12,800 --- Denoise (soft v.blurry), Autocolor, Hue to blue, Autocolor, Vib&Sat.

                                                                                     +  f6 400mm                       ---

C6 RASA f2 300mm - Sony 7as with USB to lap top running imaging edge. 

Use spot light source as aiming aid, particularly for 400mm. An aiming light should be camera shoe mounted. Exposure light source needs to be 2 ft away from camera to create depth shadows. Using 3 stacked 10" brackets for 20" of distance. 1000lm focusable torch as light source, dim enough to not disturb animals and provide color images out at 20 meters and a 400mm lens. 

Test - Dark corner 100mm S7as  with IR filter ISO409k 2s S/N=1, 100mm QHY 183 = 230(35)mm  -15C G30 0.5s. S/N = 10. 

At home Celestron RASA +Svbony or Cooled QHY camera for real time. 100mm lens. shot noise ? Run night test. 

The Earth at Night series uses full moon light and a  Canon ME20 camera $20K !. Featuring an astonishing 4M ISO rating 0.0005lux , the Canon ME20F-SH Multi-Purpose Camera captures video at up to 1920 x 1080p 60 and supports both NTSC and PAL broadcast frame rates. The camera incorporates a full frame 35mm-sized sensor with approximately 2.26 million pixels. This results in a pixel that is about 19 microns, 3 x larger than the pixels on Sony 7as Full-frame DSLR cameras,  10x more sensitive reflected in the 10x higher ISO maximum. Used large f 100mm, and a large catadioptric lens f8 1000mm full frame. 

People - Nikon P1000 or Cell phone + ProCamera stabilized. Collect RAW, denoise and sharpen for best results, avoid source jpeg. 

Underwater snorkle - need a GoPro 11, 27 Mpix, 8mm diagonal chip, 10 bit color, better stabilization using crop. 

GoPro Hero 11 FOV focal length  lens (SuperView) FOV (16mm DSLR)  170 degrees. ​Linear FOV (19mm – 39mm DSLR) - no fisheye. 90 degrees using 2.5x  digital crop.   Only reason to use GoPro is waterproofing, is 10 bit RAW just for underwater for  Gopro 11 worth it probably yes !

+ Movo dual light long 12" each side bracket.  Use baffles to create a dark region in front of camera out to target, to minimize backscatter. 

Underwater from boat, when swimming not an option - Gopro attached to selfie stick  -. SANDMARC Pole - Metal Edition: 15-50" Waterproof Extension Stick (Pole) for GoPro Hero 11, 

Rely on clear water to see targets. Tilt down makes screen visible. Use a 45 degree mirror or bucket view to see through surface.

Other action - running, biking, rowing, kyacking, white water.   For Kyacking use head mount and safety. 

Building stills, verticals need to be Y aligned. Use wide angle lens and keep camera level. For more resolution, use iPhone panorama in portrait mode, 

Overhead view - need a drone.

Example scenarios; 

Start with Sphinx dominating scene and then track showing the pyramids behind.

Use a window start with side view and then reveal what is through window. Walls, lintles and pillars all act as blocks.

Walk into room using door as block and panorama around.

Start low horizontal hold and move to max reach- about 3 meters. 

Look for a tower view point  track up over edge and out and then rotate down to overhead view. 

Track down to low view of vegetation or water fall.

Transition between 2 views - , to avoid people use camera overhead. Start with view1 side track, pan or joystick to view2, zoom and front track towards new target.  Best Activetrack pointing and side track best using slow follow, Best handle pan & tilt  use fast follow.   Use blocks for transitions, pillars, walls, traffic etc. 

Story telling; travelogue, highlights, theme. For instance - Botswana travelogue, wildlife, White water, boating. 



Feb/March - Owls in LBWC


April 8 - Eclipse Fredricksberg.

Early May  New York   

Philadelphia - Franklin, Independence Hall. Museum of American Independence. 

Princeton. - Einstien, Canal 

Migratory warblers - Fort Hancock NJ, Central Park.

New York 

      Met Museum of Art 


      Museum of Natural History

      Stores - quilt

      Cruse - Dinner


Late May  2024 Oregon  Travelogue & mating grebes

Hood / Ranier / Adams / St Helens - planes Right side coming into land. 

Start at Mt Hood

Grebe Mating in Klamath Falls.  

Eagles in Klamath Falls

Crater Lake  SW corner - looking NE dawn light best 

Oregon Coast- Cape Perpetua and Thors well, time for high tide - on coast through Corvallis. North to Nestucca Bay for Tsunami evidence

Columbia  river gorge North facing from Portland Womens Forum State Scenic at  Dawn or Dusk 

Mt St Helens looking South Morning from Coldwater ridge VC that is kept plowed, walk in to open up crater.  - 25 may be open, walk to Norway Pass.  Windy ridge probably still closed. 

Timing on Grebes - March for Grebes arrival. ebird - move east to breeding grounds, primarily from late Apr to early May.  "This choreographed show tends to peak between late April and the middle of May." June in WA  from Gary Lunce. 

Late May from Kevin Spencer - Klamath Audobon. 

August 2024  Colorado 

Full moon nocturnal animal watch.   100mm Sony a7s, C6 RASA QHY cool.

Austin to La Veta via Rio Grande del Norte Nat. Mon. Possible stay in Taos.  La  Veta to RGDNNM 1.5hrs. 

The river also provides habitat for the recently‐reintroduced North American river otter. The area provides habitat for Gunnison’s prairie dog, ringtail, black bear, coyote, red fox, cougars, and bobcats.

Ute Mountain for star gazing.

Thu - Austin to Amarillo

Fri - to  RGDNNM - La Veta - Set up RASA - Beaver

Sat - Royal Gorge   - Beaver

Sun - Almarosa - Baca Wildlife - RGDNNM

Mon - Monarch Pass  - Lake 1&2

Tue - Set up SCT - Saturn evening - Jupiter morning.

Wed - Head home in evening 

Here in Colorado ringtails are most often found in desert areas, especially in the southwest and western slope; however, a few have been recorded in the Front Range foothills. 

Ringtail at  Cañon City Burger King!

Mountain goats - Mt. Evans, Grays Peak, Torreys Mountain, the Gore Range near Dillon, the Collegiate Mountain Range, and the Weminuche Wilderness in the San Juan Mountains.

Colorado National Monument close to Grand Junction 6 hrs from La Veta -

Sept 2024  Borneo & Raj Ampat  Wildlife & Travelogue


US to Singapore.

Singapore birding, otters

Borneo WT to see Orangutans from Kota Kinabalu

    Orangutan & Sun bear Reserves

    Kinabatangan Wetlands - probiscus monkeys, macaques, river birds, pygmy elephants. Nocturnal - mousedeer, tarsiers, civet cats 

    Tabin Wildlife Reserve - bats, flying squirrels, civets, pig tailed macaques, banteng wild cattle, rinocerous hornbill, blue headed pitta. Nocturnal - owls

    Danum Valley - clouded leopard, gibbon, maroon leaf langur, birds galor, Nocturnal -  slow loris, bio luminescent fungi, flying squirrels.

Jakarta - Kota district for 3 days of city decompress. 

Eco Cove on Yeben Island from Sorong -  Snorkle using GoPro with extension, arm strap for moving. P1000 for birding.

On land during day Nikon p1000.

On land at night Sony a7s 100mm with spot light 

On boat moving video - Iphone 14 - 1x gives best stability, can can crop to 3x (100mm).  Fast follow to point, trigger to hold all axes. Active track must be in Medium follow. 

On boat wildlife video - Iphone 14 on gimbal up to 200mm.

On boat wildlife still - Nikon P1000 manual focus 100mm or longer, or Iphone14 up to 400mm for autofocus. 

Ring of Fire in Indonesia


2025    3 travelogues 

Pygmy Owls in King Ranch  March 

Cuba   Feb 22-Mar 3

$3500 pp

Group trip only.

Day 1: Havana

Day 2: Havana - Tour

Day 3: Vinales  - Sorora orchids and  wildlife

Day 4: Vinales  - Valley tour

Day 5: Cienfuegos - Swim stop

Day 6: Trinidad - Orientation

Day 7: Trinidad  - Walk & scenic viewpoint - possible birding. 

Day 8: Havana - Buena vista add on 

Day 9: Havana

Tenesee migration  in April/May

Tennesse NWR Duck river  

Iceland - June for long days 10 night trip  - 2 spots a day or 1 spot and drive.

Rekjavik  3 nights

Gullfoss Waterfall

Raufarhólshellir - 1.3km lava tube 

Thingvellir NP - plate boundary  

Akureyri 2 nights  - 4 hrs from Rekjavik

Grjotagia cave - plate boundary, North East iceland near lake

Godafoss waterfall north leg of Golden circle 4 hrs to drive.

Tjornes Penninula puffins

Hofn 3 nights 6.5 hrs

Dettifoss Waterfall, the Asbyrgi Canyon, and Husavik Village 

Klifbrekkufossar at the head of Mjóifjörður - mulagljufur-1

Ingolfshofdi Cape - puffins 

Viki Myrdal 2 night

Fjadrargljufur Canyon

Reynisfjara Black Sand Beach

Puffins at Dyrholaey Arch in south Iceland.

Rekjyavik  1 night

PORTUGAL   10 nights mid June 

Lisbon Setúbal Peninsula  - 3 nights - Sammie lives in Lisbon.

Sintra Moorish castle. 

Naval Museum 

The Sado Estuary, decent amount of wildlife and some dolphin residents. Comporta has some really nice places to stay and lots of hiking around there too, dune ecosystems, etc.

In Lisbon proper there are some castle ruins (São Jorge) and an old monastery (Geronimo) that are worth the visit, also the tile museum.

Alentejo on way to Algarve some very historic towns and lots of wine/cheese if you're into that. 

Algarve  3 night

We stay in Quinta do lago at the Four Seasons Fairways.  ( the Ria Formosa) with mud flats and good walks nearby, lots of waders in particular. Head for Parking Av. Andre Jourdan to park. There is also a bird hide at Sao Lourenco.  There are guided day excursions by boat from Faro into the estuary and a very nice stop at Restaurante Estamine for fresh oysters and fish at lunch time!  The guide will talk about the ecology and birds to be seen. Further afield, Silves is worth a visit, storks on the rooves and authentic local atmosphere. If you can face the drive, heading west to the Atlantic coast is worth the trip, very large seas at times! And can be windy! There are also salt pans at Castro Marin and Santa Luzia which are well known birding spots.  Head inland towards the mountains anywhere and the towns are less developed and more truly local. One speciality is suckling pig! 

Porto 2 nights "Historic Centre of Porto, Luiz I Bridge and Monastery of Serra do Pilar". 

Madrid  4 nights - Segovia and its Roman Aqueduct.

Paella cooking Class in Madrid with Bottomless Wine Pairing! By The Cooking Clubhouse

Best April - September for the migrating birds. 



Jan Costa Rica  July to October is turtle nesting season.  Jan in 2024

Ridly Turtles nesting. 

  • Nancite Beach is one of two sites in Costa Rica where the mass annual arribadas of olive ridley sea turtles take place. In early October, thousands of olive ridleys come to shore to nest in the thousands. Nancite Beach is remote. It will require some hiking to get to, and permission from the ranger station.

  • Ostinal beaches Aug-Nov - a few days before new moon.

Leatherback Turtles - in 2024  Tortuguero canals

  • May 18 - 24 (full)

  • June 1 - 7 (new date!) 


Wilderness travel  - midsummer here, midwinter in S Africa.

Madagascar off the beaten track 15 days  $7695 - Lemurs. Andasibe NP / Lemur Island NP/Antananarivo, Kirindy, Anja/Isalo

Madagascar private journey 9 days $7000. Andasibe NP / Lemur Island NP/Antananarivo

Uganda private journey  8 days $6995 + $1500 flights and park fees - Chimps and Gorillas.  Kibale, Queen Elizabeth, Bwindi IR

Use Nairobi as the hub and travel via Europe.  (Bots + Zimb = 17 days total)  22h total 9 hr to London, 9 hrs to Nairobi. Use AA.  JFK to Nairobi on Kenya Airlines 15h.  Nairobi - Madagascar 3hrs.

Kigali Hub 

Nwange NP Rwanda 3 days  Chimps and many others

Volcanoes NP 2 days  Golden Monkeys

Bwindi NP 3 days  Gorillas. 

The best time of the year when you should go for gorilla trekking in Uganda is June, July, August and September. If that is not possible, January and February should be relatively okay.

Linda Carradi  - went in Jan 2024.

Hi Mike! I hope you and Renee are both doing well. The gorilla treks were incredible. We did 2, one was pretty easy and one was what I would call difficult. The first one we had to hike a very short distance in the jungle. It took maybe 10 mins to get to the gorillas. There was a little walk to the jungle, but it wasn’t bad. We happened to be with a woman who needed to be “carried,” which they will do for an extra $300. They put you on a stretcher (will send a pic) and carry you through the jungle. She was able to walk the first part. The second day was a different story. We hiked for 2 hrs up through the jungle, altho the beginning part was through a bamboo forest and not too terrible. You had to put on a raincoat and rain pants in the jungle to keep off the stinging thistle plants. So it got a bit hot. We had an hour with the gorillas. We did have to walk a bit once we were near to them, and that was also a bit tricky. Everyone had their own porter to help them climb and to carry our backpacks. I don’t know the cost of the porter, but we did tip $20 per person. The first day our drive was quite short, the second was about 90 mins, I believe the furthest point. You have two rangers, several trackers and a guy with a gun and one or two guys with machetes to clear your path. I never felt unsafe. It was an incredible adventure and I would highly recommend doing it. You have to reserve spots pretty far in advance. They only allow 100 ppl per day to go. We were in Rwanda. You can also do it in Uganda (and a third country - Congo?). The Rwandan people were incredible. Lmk if you want any more information. xo

We did a private tour with wilderness travel, so they arranged everything. We took our daughters and boyfriends with us. We had a gentleman named Martin as a guide in Rwanda. He was more of a driver than a guide. He was very nice but not much more. The guide in Tanzania was outstanding. I can tell you the hotels we stayed in while in Rwanda. We were there for 5 days, but had to extend bc the airline cancelled our flights (which we knew far in advance) - so we did a golden monkey tour the next day. I was sick so did t get to go, but the kids like it. Not strenuous at all.


Lope National Park Gabon is one of the only parks in Africa where you can see the Mandrills. No other park in Central Africa is considered more vital for primates than Lopé National Park, the oldest and one of the most astounding biospheres on the African continent. Lope National Park Gabon is home to over 1400 endangered mandrills as well as 420 bird species, the national park is equally a stronghold for western gorillas, sun-tailed guenon, black colobus,


Andasibe National Park / Lemur Island NP 

Ankarana / Antananarivo

Berenty Reserve / Antananarivo

wilderness do an extension to Queen Elizabeth & local chimps. 

At higher altitudes, the cool, dry months, from May to October, are best for hiking.

Lowland gorillas eastern in Kahuzi-Biega National Park in Congo on the great rift valley near Goma, western in Congo


Nyungwe Forest NP - very diverse inc. chimps and colobus monkey, accessible forest   5 hrs from Kigali. contains Mt Karonje.

Volcanoes NP for mountain gorillas and golden monkeys.

3 day trip to see chimps etc. 



Gombe Stream National Park - Jane Goodall chimps



Queen Elizabeth NP - Chimpanzee tracking in Kyambura Gorge. v popular park. 

Kibale  NP was easy access to see Chimps - Use Imagine Travel or Natural World Safaris. The footage of the so-called Ngogo chimps, which live in a remote region of Uganda's Kibale National Park, comes from an upcoming Netflix documentary series Chimp Empire. It premieres on April 19, 2023.

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest for Gorillas  It is important to note that among the gorilla trekking national parks, Bwindi is the most ideal for the elderly. Why? Because it is situated in less mountainous areas. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is not part of the Virunga ranges of mountains like the other three national parks. It sits on lower altitude and the trails are relatively flat compared to Mgahinga and the Volcanoes National Park.

Arrive from Kigali Rwanda instead of Entebbe in Uganda. The driving time and distance from Kigali to Bwindi impenetrable forest is shorter. Driving from Entebbe to Bwindi can take 8 hours or more. From Kigali, it takes only 3 hours to reach Bwindi forest.



Kahuzi-Beiga NP - lowland gorillas



Loango NP - lowland gorillas.


Cape Town 



Fish River Canyon just over SA border

Skeleton Coast 

Sossusvlei Sand Dunes 




Santorini  - Akrotiri - Beaches - edge of caldera - tour of crater.

Crete - Knossos

Thessaloniki - Monasteries

Verginia nr. Thessaloniki and  the Place of Aigai where Alexander the Great  was started. 


Istambul  - Agia Sofia, 

Epheysus - Roman ruins

Cappodocia - Ancient dwelling.






North Canada

Newfoundland  - Twillingate or Iceberg alley in June. 

NF to Labrador and Greenland cruise with WT.

North west passage cruise. 





Nujiang River or Salween, Just to West of Mekong.

Guilin - Karst scenery


N America

Hawaii; Kawaii - Oahu - Maui  Snorkle/Volcanoes

Nova Scotia 


Montana NP's

La to SF coast road

New Orleans 

Great Lakes

Meteor Crater AZ

Wildlife Rehab  Scottsdale AZ

Salt Lake City

Washington DC 

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan

Silk road tour with WT - 25 days  $11k  reveal a rich historical and ethnic canvas, filled with dazzling scenery and a multitude of architectural wonders. From the blue-domed Silk Road oasis of Samarkand, where Tamerlane once held sway, to Issyk-Kul, a vast alpine lake surrounded by the forested peaks of the Tien Shan,




Glen Coe 

Skye - Lewis 




Costa Rica  - wildlife similar to Amazon 

Wilderness Travel

San Jose  Museo de Oro in San Jose ?

Corcovado. Tiskita Jungle Lodge Set on a verdant hillside between Pavones and Punta Banco,

Tortuguero on Carabean 


South America

Falklands and South Georgia Photo cruise with WT 

Chile - with Justin . Torres Del Paine - Mountain Lions. 

Pantanal in South Brazil towards Paraguay. close to Iguwara Falls.  



Khao Sok NP good for animals in wetter season. 

Phang Nga - Karst scenery


Ankor Wat










See history page. Egypt, Greece, France, Spain, UK.  

Pharoses, Greek Enlightenment, Crusading monarchs, Renaissance, Secular democracy. 



Palo Duro Canyon - lighthouse rock. just south of Amarillo 

Underwater Targets

coral, turtles, whales, fish, birds. 

Turtle nesting on South Padre Is

Grebe mating   Clear Lake, Lake County, California, USA end of Feb early March

                            Klamath Falls - near Crater Lake

                            Balmoreha, at turn off for Fort Davis. Note: Google Maps directions are incorrect and will take you to a private road. Instead, drive into the center of town and turn left (east) on Houston Street. Then continue straight until at the lake.

The 5 main spots to bird are:

  • Entrance road

  • Lake Dam

  • South Shore

  • Desert Shrub

  • Southwest Overlook

Osprey fishing

Owls - LBWC entry way

Hummer nest 

Gold Cheeked Warbler - South Llano River State Park & Lost Maples

Nocturnal animals best during full moon.

Locations to see Elf Owls in Texas:

  • Bentsen Rio Grande State Park – hole in a telephone pole just before La Familia Nature Center

  • Kickapoo Caverns State Park – around the campsites

  • Fort Pena Colorado Park (Marathon, TX) or Camp Pena Colorado Post Park. (southbound Avenue D, aka Post Road,

  • Davis Mountains State Park

  • Big Bend National Park – Dugout Wells, Chisos Mnts. Basin, Rio Grande Village, Cottonwood Campground

  • These tiny owls are migratory and breed in Texas during the spring and summer, but then fly south in the fall. So be sure to look and listen for these guys in the warmer months, starting in late April.
    Wait until evening at last light when they begin poking their heads out of tree cavities can start vocalizing. 

Locations to see Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl in Texas:

  • King Ranch (Norrias Division) – requires a paid birding tour. The King Ranch is the go-to place for these owls. The Norrias Division of the ranch hosts the largest known population of Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl in the United States. It’s private property, but they offer day-long birding tours where a guide will take you right to the owls. The cost for the 9 hour tour is $170.  (361) 592-8055.  Trips start in March W/F/Sa. No overnights in 2024.

  • Brush Line Road – north of Edinburg. North side of Hwy 186.

  • Hwy 186 – east of Raymondville, along the road between San Perlita and Port Mansfield.

Good areas in Texas to search for Barn Owl include:

  • Katy Prairie Conservancy – Northwest Houston

  • Granger Lake – roads along the open fields in this area.

  • Rio Grande Valley – especially around Bentsen State Park, Estero State Park, and Laguna Atascosa.

  • Lubbock Area – County roads outside city limits, especially early before 6:30am.

  • Far West Texas – Marathon (Gage Gardens), Dell City agricultural fields, around Balmorhea after dark.

  • Greater Corpus Christi Area- back roads from Kingsville, to Three Rivers, and over to Goliad.

El Sauz Ranch - Ocelots


Puffins - Alaska Seward , Iceland. 

Armadillo - 

Otter - Granger Lake and Barn Owl

Golden Cheeked Warbler in April- May Pecan Springs Karst Reserve 5 miles North of Jarrell.  512 328 2481.

Beavers  - common in  TX in burrows in river banks such as Rio Grande in Big Bend, lodges and dams are typical of colder climes.  


Ringtail Texas - Hill Country - Enchanted Rock a good target - nocturnal ... try a moonlite night. they prefer rocky areas such as rock piles, stone fences, canyon walls, and talus slopes. Ringtails are expert climbers, capable of climbing vertical walls to find the most protected crevices, crannies, and hollows in which to build their dens. Insects and small mammals such as rabbits, mice, rats and ground squirrels. Ringtails in walls 

Pedernales -  golden cheeked warblers April- May. 

Big bend - ringtails, mountain lion, elf owl in March at dusk in Cottonwood Campground, beavers ?

N Mexico; bears, sheep etc.  432 386-5635  

Barrier island - Assateague Island is the Delaware barrier island. - part of visit to Washington. Native wild horses. 

Mountain Lions in Patagonia, and US Rockies Dec-April.  970.901.6516 in CO, out of business in 2023.

Tigers in India and Huai Kha Khaeng Sanctuary  near Bangcok in Thailand.  south of Bangcok.

Primates; Gorillas, Chimps, Orangutan, Colobus, Mander


Evolution of landscapes 


Rivers - R. Zambezi, 

Valleys - Grand Canyon 

Glaciers - Rocky ice caps,


Beaches - Devon, CA

Sand dunes - Sand Dune NP 


3D map 

Build up 

Uplifted mountains - Rockies, Seirras, 

Volcanoes - Mt Hood/St Helens, Hawaii, Crater lake, 


Water Eroded fractured sandstones & limestones

Grand Canyon

Zambezi canyon - Victoria Falls




Grand Staircase

Monument Valley 

Ice Eroded sandstones & limestones


Rockies - ice caps

Mt Assinaboine


Barrier islands 

Devon beaches

Okavambo Delta


Volcanic hot spot islands





Mt St Helens

Crater Lake 



Volcanic drift zones

Mt Hood

La Veta fissures

Uplift Igneous & metamorphic

Sierra Nevada - Metamorphic with  huge igneous volcanic inclusions  such as Yosimite.

Tetons - igneous east, sandstone west

Denali - igneous

Skye - basalt and gabbro igneous rock. 


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