HOW IT's DONE. - VIDEO TARGETS

Context from multiple views, 3D from motion parallax, visual surprises from point of view and hidden gems.  Surprise reveal to create drama by looking for visually engaging views and then find a surprising  transition in. Hide behind foreground and  track  side/vertical to interest, pan to interest.

 

For walking track use  cell pone + Hyperlapse 5x and move slowly. Forward, distant side, and turntable track use Activetrack to maintain orientation. For telephoto up to 200mm, use cell phone 2x (50mm) lens w/o Hyperlapse, wave stabilize in PP, zoom and sharpen in PS.

 

Beyond 200mm, use NikonP1000 stepped frames with carefully alignment to target, in roughly 0.5degree increments to cover at least 10 deg, combine into movie and zoom in PS, stretch using 10% speed  with Optical Force, wave stabilize in PP.  0.5 deg  = 1 stride for every 100 m of distance from target, needs at least 20 frames.

 

For max realism in pan use fast follow, slow joystick  and slow zoom.   

Boat - Active track  gimbal on coach launch.

Boat - Hand held or gimbal Lock video on coasting power boat. 

Boat - Action video hand held on driven power boat, 100mm for human perspective, so use 4x lens on cell phone or Nikon P1000. 

Car 

Cycle - Lock or Active track 

Horse/Camel

Plane 

Night view stills or time lapse - cell phone Apple Night mode. Sony 7as 20mm or 100mm.  Human ISO1 daylight, ISO800 low light.

Night view stills on boat - cell phone Mimo gimbal  Lock, photo using Apple Night.

Moon, or eclipse  sun, with foreground needs extreme depth of field using f16-f32 only on Sony 7as . 100mm lens at f32 has a 6m -inf DOF.

Planets - Nikon P1000 + Fornax stage, or Celestron SCT + Svbony +AVX stage

Galaxies - Celestron RASA + QHY RGB + AVX Stage

Nebula - Celestron RASA + QHY SHO + AVX or 100mm + QHY SHO + Fornax.

Milky Way - 20mm or 8mm + Sony7a, 100mm <5 secs exposure. 

Wildlife - Nikon P1000. 

Night wildlife - Celestron RASA +Svbony.

People - Nikon P1000 or Cell phone + ProCamera stabilized.

Underwater - need a GoPro.

Overhead view - need a drone.

Example scenarios; 

Start with Sphinx dominating scene and then track showing the pyramids behind.

Use a window start with side view and then reveal what is through window. Walls, lintles and pillars all act as blocks.

Walk into room using door as block and panorama around.

Start low horizontal hold and move to max reach- about 3 meters. 

Look for a tower view point  track up over edge and out and then rotate down to overhead view. 

Track down to low view of vegetation or water fall.

Transition between 2 views - , to avoid people use camera overhead. Start with view1 side track, pan or joystick to view2, zoom and front track towards new target.  Best Activetrack pointing and side track best using slow follow, Best handle pan & tilt  use fast follow.   Use blocks for transitions, pillars, walls, traffic etc. 

Story telling; travelogue, highlights, theme. For instance - Botswana travelogue, wildlife, White water, boating. 

Fall travelogue - London, Paris,  chateaux, Bruges sights are all linked by  rivers  - then Spain. 

Egypt linked Nile, and Petra ? - River Jordan as a trade route. 

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NILE TOUR 

Cell, gimbal, P1000, Sony7as 8mm, 20mm & 100m, tripod.

History: https://www.worldhistory.org/timeline/egypt/

6000 BC Saqquara  starts, and is used until 300BC. - Farming images. 

3500 BC First hieroglyphic texts - linked or independent of Mesopotamia. 

2670 BC Step Pyramid in Saqquara  built by  Imhotep - a commoner, first medical science.

2560 BC Great Pyramid of Giza & Sphinx built by Khufu 

1500-1069 BC Valley of Kings burials

1334 BC Tutankamun !!  in Cairo museum

1264 BC Abu Simbel, Luxor,  built by Ramases II as well as numerous invasions to expand empire. 

1069 BC end of New Kingdom - start of decline - sacking of the tombs in Valley of the Kings by the priests of Amun - change of god!  

331 BC Alexander the Great invades

323 BC Great Library of Alexandria, most of  Karnak,  Edfu, Philae built by the Ptolomy's - Greeks who invaded and were then assimilated by the culture.

196 BC Rosetta Stone written - found in Memphis Egypt , The top and middle texts are in Ancient Egyptian using hieroglyphic and Demotic scripts respectively, while the bottom is in Ancient Greek.

30 BC Death of Cleopatra, Rome takes over.

A drawing of a couple with hyroglyphics.

Track hyroglyphics   "If Nefertete sees this text message I will be a dead Pharoe."   "She is out milking her mothers camel,  lets meet under the obelix"  "we need a more secure text message system"  "Your just thinking about one thing" "Oh Biggertete   I do love your mind as well".

A very fertile region allowing the community to develop away from subsistence farming. In different eras, various gods were said to hold the highest position in divine society, including the solar deity Ra, the mysterious god Amun, and the mother goddess Isis. Anchored in the idea of continuing a culture by preparing for the afterlife of rulers and key individuals with elaborate mausoleums.

Ra - god of gods. ​At the end of Egyptian civilization, Amun (or sometimes Amun-Ra) became a creator god alongside Ra

Isis - goddess of magic and secrets

Horus - falcon protector of pharohs

Osiris - god sent by Ra as pharaoh to rule over the first inhabitants of Egypt

Nephthys - funerary goddess who watches over the sarcophagi of the deceased Egyptians

Anubis - jackal-headed god of the dead. He is the one who greets the Egyptian dead after they die.

https://egyptian-history.com/blogs/egyptian-gods/egyptian-gods

CAIRO 

Tut 

PYRAMIDS /SPHINX

A sphinx (/ˈsfɪŋks/ SFINKSAncient Greek: σφίγξ [spʰíŋks]Boeotian: φίξ [pʰíːks], plural sphinxes or sphinges) is a mythical creature with the head of a human, the body of a lion, and the wings of a falcon.

In Greek tradition, the sphinx has the head of a woman, the haunches of a lion, and the wings of a bird. She is mythicized as treacherous and merciless, and will kill and eat those who cannot answer her riddle.[1] This deadly version of a sphinx appears in the myth and drama of Oedipus.[2]

Unlike the Greek sphinx, which was a woman, the Egyptian sphinx is typically shown as a man (an androsphinx (Ancient Greek: ανδρόσφιγξ)). In addition, the Egyptian sphinx was viewed as benevolent but having a ferocious strength similar to the malevolent Greek version. Both were thought of as guardians and often flank the entrances to temples.[3]

The Giza pyramid complex (Arabic: مجمع أهرامات الجيزة), also called the Giza necropolis, is the site on the Giza Plateau in Greater CairoEgypt that includes the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Pyramid of Menkaure, along with their associated pyramid complexes and the Great Sphinx of Giza. All were built during the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, between 2600 and 2500 BC. The site also includes several cemeteries and the remains of a workers' village.

The site is at the edges of the Western Desert, approximately 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) west of the Nile River in the city of Giza, and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) southwest of the city centre of Cairo. Along with nearby Memphis, the site was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979.[1]

Saqqara (Arabic: سقارة, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [sɑʔːɑːɾɑ]), also spelled Sakkara or Saccara in English /səˈkɑːrə/, is an Egyptian village in Giza Governorate, that contains ancient burial grounds of Egyptian royalty, serving as the necropolis for the ancient Egyptian capital, Memphis.[1] Saqqara contains numerous pyramids, including the Step pyramid of Djoser, sometimes referred to as the Step Tomb, and a number of mastaba tombs. Located some 30 km (19 mi) south of modern-day Cairo, Saqqara covers an area of around 7 by 1.5 km (4.3 by 0.9 mi).

Saqqara contains the oldest complete stone building complex known in history, the Pyramid of Djoser, built during the Third Dynasty. Another sixteen Egyptian kings built pyramids at Saqqara, which are now in various states of preservation. High officials added private funeral monuments to this necropolis during the entire Pharaonic period. It remained an important complex for non-royal burials and cult ceremonies for more than 3,000 years, well into Ptolemaic and Roman times.

North of the area known as Saqqara lies Abusir, and south lies Dahshur. The area running from Giza to Dahshur has been used as a necropolis by the inhabitants of Memphis at different times, and it was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979.[2] Some scholars believe that the name Saqqara is not derived from the ancient Egyptian funerary deity, Sokar, but from a local Berber tribe called Beni Saqqar.[3]

ABU SIMBEL  Ramasses 2  1200BC  - Hieroglyphic written language - linked to Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. 

Abu Simbel is a historic site comprising two massive rock-cut temples in the village of Abu Simbel (Arabic: أبو سمبل), Aswan GovernorateUpper Egypt, near the border with Sudan. It is situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km (140 mi) southwest of Aswan (about 300 km (190 mi) by road). The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century BC, during the 19th Dynasty reign of the Pharaoh Ramesses II. They serve as a lasting monument to the king Ramesses II. His wife Nefertari and children can be seen in smaller figures by his feet, considered to be of lesser importance and were not given the same position of scale. This commemorates his victory at the Battle of Kadesh. Their huge external rock relief figures have become iconic

Boat track 

Walk in

The Philae temple complex (/ˈfaɪliː/Greek: Φιλαί or Φιλή and Πιλάχ, Arabic: فيلة  Egyptian Arabic: [fiːlæ]Egyptian: p3-jw-rķ' or 'pA-jw-rq; Coptic: ⲡⲓⲗⲁⲕ, ⲡⲓⲗⲁⲕϩ)[1][2] is an island-based temple complex in the reservoir of the Aswan Low Dam, downstream of the Aswan Dam and Lake NasserEgypt.

 

A sphinx in Philae is worth a picture

The ancient Egyptian name of the smaller island meant "boundary". As their southern frontier, the pharaohs of Egypt kept there a strong garrison, and it was also a barracks for Greek and Roman soldiers in their turn.

The first religious building on Philae was likely a shrine built by Pharaoh Taharqa of the 25th Dynasty, which was probably dedicated to Amun.[2][17][18] However this structure is only known from a few blocks reused in later buildings, which Gerhard Haeny suspects may have been brought over for reuse from structures elsewhere.[2][19]

The oldest temple to have undoubtedly stood on the island, as well as the first evidence of Isis-worship there, was a small kiosk built by Psamtik II of the 26th Dynasty.[19][20]: 76–77  This was followed by contributions from Amasis II (26th Dynasty) and Nectanebo I (30th Dynasty).[17][18][19][20]: 88, 119–122  Of these early buildings, only two elements built by Nectanebo I survive– a kiosk that was originally the vestibule of the old Isis temple, and a gateway which was later incorporated into the first pylon of the current temple.[19][20]: 119–122 

More than two thirds of Philae's surviving structures were built in the Ptolemaic era, during which the island became a prominent site of pilgrimage not only for Egyptians and Nubians but for pilgrims from as far as AnatoliaCrete, and the Greek mainland.[2][17] Some of these pilgrims marked their presence with inscriptions on the temple walls, including votive inscriptions known as proskynemata, as well as other types. Among these are inscriptions left by four Romans in 116 BC, which represent the oldest known Latin inscriptions in Egypt.[17][21]: 207

Along with the various contributions of Ptolemaic rulers, Philae also received additions from the Nubian king Arqamani, who contributed to the Temple of Arensnuphis and the mammisi, and his successor Adikhalamani, whose name has been found on a stela on the island.[17][20]: 179 [21]: 161–162, 173  Some experts have interpreted these additions as signs of collaboration between the Nubian and Ptolemaic governments, but others consider them to represent a period of Nubian occupation of the region, likely enabled by the revolt of Hugronaphor in Upper Egypt.[17][21]: 161–162  The cartouches of Arqamani were later erased by Ptolemy V, while the stela of Adikhalamani was eventually reused as filling under the floor of the pronaos.[20]: 179 [21]: 157, 162, 173 

Edfu (Ancient Egyptian: bḥdt, Arabic: إدفو pronounced [ˈʔedfu]Coptic: Ⲧⲃⲱ vars. Ⲁⲧⲃⲱ, Ⲧⲃⲟ (Sahidic); Ⲑⲃⲱ(Bohairic); also spelt Idfu, or in modern French as Edfou) is an Egyptian city, located on the west bank of the Nile River between Esna and Aswan, with a population of approximately sixty thousand people. Edfu is the site of the Ptolemaic Temple of Horus and an ancient settlement, Tell Edfu. About 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Edfu are remains of ancient pyramids.

The Temple of Edfu is an Egyptian temple located on the west bank of the Nile in EdfuUpper Egypt. The city was known in the Hellenistic period in Koinē Greek: Ἀπόλλωνος πόλις and in Latin as Apollonopolis Magna, after the chief god Horus, who was identified as Apollo under the interpretatio graeca.[1] It is one of the best preserved shrines in Egypt. The temple was built in the Ptolemaic Kingdom between 237 and 57 BC. The inscriptions on its walls provide important information on language, myth and religion during the Hellenistic period in Egypt. In particular, the Temple's inscribed building texts "provide details [both] of its construction, and also preserve information about the mythical interpretation of this and all other temples as the Island of Creation."[2] There are also "important scenes and inscriptions of the Sacred Drama which related the age-old conflict between Horus and Seth."[3] They are translated by the Edfu-Project.

VALLEY OF KINGS  Tut 1361

The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wādī al-Mulūk; Coptic: ϫⲏⲙⲉ, romanized: džēme[1] Late Coptic: [ˈʃɪ.mæ]), also known as the Valley of the Gates of the Kings (Arabic: وادي أبوا الملوك Wādī Abwāb al-Mulūk),[2] is a valley in Egypt where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, rock-cut tombs were excavated for the pharaohs and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom (the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Dynasties of Ancient Egypt).[3][4]

The valley stands on the west bank of the Nile opposite Thebes (modern Luxor), within the heart of the Theban Necropolis.[5] The wadi consists of two valleys: the East Valley (where the majority of the royal tombs are situated) and the West Valley (Valley of the Monkeys).[6][7]

With the 2005 discovery of a new chamber and the 2008 discovery of two further tomb entrances,[8] the valley is known to contain 63 tombs and chambers (ranging in size from KV54, a simple pit, to KV5, a complex tomb with over 120 chambers).[9] It was the principal burial place of the major royal figures of the Egyptian New Kingdom, as well as a number of privileged nobles. The royal tombs are decorated with scenes from Egyptian mythology and give clues as to the beliefs and funerary practices of the period. Almost all of the tombs seem to have been opened and robbed in antiquity, but they still give an idea of the opulence and power of the pharaohs.

LUXOR AND KARNAK

On east side of Nile river. Views from River at dusk, arrays of corridors of pillars and statues - Hyper tracks front and side. 

Luxor (Arabic: الأقصر, romanized: al-ʾuqṣur, lit. 'the palaces') is a modern city in Upper (southern) Egypt which includes the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes.

Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open-air museum", as the ruins of the Egyptian temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments, temples and tombs of the west bank Theban Necropolis, which includes the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens. Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit Luxor's monuments, contributing greatly to the economy of the modern city.

The Ptolemaic dynasty (/ˌtɒlɪˈmeɪ.ɪk/Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖοι, Ptolemaioi), sometimes referred to as the Lagid dynasty (Λαγίδαι, Lagidae; after Ptolemy I's father, Lagus), was a Macedonian Greek[1][2][3][4][5] royal dynasty which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Ancient Egypt during the Hellenistic period. Their rule lasted for 275 years, from 305 to 30 BC.[6] The Ptolemaic was the last dynasty of ancient Egypt.

Ptolemy, one of the seven somatophylakes (bodyguard companions), a general and possible half-brother of Alexander the Great, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared himself Pharaoh Ptolemy I, later known as Sōter "Saviour". The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC.

Like the earlier dynasties of ancient Egypt, the Ptolemaic dynasty practiced inbreeding including sibling marriage, but this did not start in earnest until nearly a century into the dynasty's history.[7] All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, while queens regnant were all called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark AntonyHer apparent suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.

A drawing of a couple with hyroglyphics.

Track hyroglyphics   "If my wife sees this text message I will be in real  ......."     "Damn autocorrect .."   "Nefertete is out milking her mothers camel,  lets meet under the obelix"  "we need a more secure text message system"  "Your just thinking about one thing" "Oh Biggertete   I do love your mind as well".

Jordan  

Time line 

7000 BC  Ain Ghazal statues, museum

500 BC Petra, Wadi Rum - Nabatean - Silk/Incense Road. 

400 BC Jerash - Roman 

200 BC Dead Sea scrolls

600 AD  Madaba Christian mosaic

1200 AD Shoubak Crusader castle

Amman

The Jordan Museum is located in Ras Al-Ein district of Amman, Jordan. Built in 2014, the museum is the largest museum in Jordan and hosts the country's most important archaeological findings.[1] Its two main permanent exhibitions are the Dead Sea Scrolls, including the Copper Scroll, and the 9000-year-old ʿAin Ghazal statues, which are among the oldest human statues ever made.[2]

The museum collection includes animal bones dating back to 1.5 million years, 9000-year-old ʿAin Ghazal lime plaster statues, part of the Dead Sea Scrolls, including the Copper Scroll, and a reproduction of the Mesha Stele.

The human statues found at 'Ain Ghazal constitute one of the world's oldest human statues ever made by human civilization dating back to 7000 BC. 'Ain Ghazal is a major Neolithic village in Amman that was discovered in 1981.[2]

The Dead Sea Copper Scroll was found near Khirbet Qumran, which is an inventory of hidden gold and silver in specie, but also some vessels, presumably taken from the Temple in Jerusalem in circa 68 CE. It is written in a Mishnaic-style of Hebrew.[4]

The Mesha Stele is a large black basalt stone that was erected in Moab and was inscribed by Moabite king Mesha, in which he lauds himself for the building projects that he initiated in Moab (modern day Al-Karak) and commemorates his glory and victory against the Israelites.[5] The stele constitutes one of the most important direct accounts of biblical history.[6]

Other major artifacts are the Balu'a Stele, with an Egyptian hieroglyphic inscription, and the marble head of the Greek goddess Tyche.

In the morning, we set out for a city tour including the Citadel, archaeological museum, Roman theater, and a walk through the bazaar and the gold market. After lunch with a local family (often a trip highlight for many travelers!), we visit the ancient Roman city of Jerash, an archaeological masterpiece framed by the hills of Gilead outside of Amman. It was founded by the soldiers of Alexander the Great during the 4th century BC and later joined the Roman Decapolis. This prosperous city was organized along a grid of wide, colonnaded streets and its gems include a triumphal arch, stadium, monumental fountain,

On our way to Petra, we visit Mt. Nebo, long a destination for Christian pilgrimage. This is the mountain where Moses was allowed to view the Holy Land, yet not allowed to enter it. Today it is the site of the Church of Moses, built by the first Christians. The views over Jordan, the Dead Sea, and Israel are tremendous. When the weather is clear, we may even see Jerusalem, about 30 miles away. We continue to Madaba, with a stop en route at the Mosaic Handicrafts Center. At Madaba, known as the City of Mosaics, St. George’s Church houses a worldfamous mosaic floor that is a large map of Palestine, including a detailed mosaic of Jerusalem as it was during the 6th century AD. We then head to Shoubak to visit its 12th century Crusader castle, Montréal. Perched on a hilltop, it dominated the main route from Egypt to Syria, and was able to tax both traders and those on pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina. The castle eventually fell to the troops of the sultan Saladin in 1189. 

Silk road 

PETRA   

Built 1000BC abandoned 400AD, by Nabateans -  Arabian nomads around since 4000 BC  with obvious Roman influence.  Before Alexander the Great. 

A caravan trade "Incense routes" crossroads NS down the Jordan valley to Aqaba, and EW from Persian Gulf to Gaza a port to Rome.  Does appear in Bible. "The Nabataean origin of the Arabic script is now almost universally accepted"

https://www.worldhistory.org/Kingdom_of_Nabatea/

The term 'Incense Routes' refers to a number of different directions traders took between southern Arabia on the Persian Gulf and the port of Gaza between the 7th/6th centuries BCE and the 2nd century CE. Trade along these routes seems to have become most lucrative c. 3rd century BCE by which time the Nabateans had control of the most important cities along the routes. The Incense Routes do not describe a single road or roads between Arabia and Gaza but a general direction merchants traveled between those two points. According to Pliny the Elder (23-79 CE), the routes encompassed 1,200 miles (1,931 km) and took 65 days to travel one way with a stopover at a city, ideally, every night.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incense_trade_route

The Incense Trade Route was an ancient network of major land and sea trading routes linking the Mediterranean world with eastern and southern sources of incensespices and other luxury goods, stretching from Mediterranean ports across the Levant and Egypt through Northeastern Africa and Arabia to India and beyond. These routes collectively served as channels for the trading of goods such as Arabian frankincense and myrrh;[1] Indian spicesprecious stonespearlsebonysilk and fine textiles;[2] and from the Horn of Africa, rare woods, feathers, animal skins, Somali frankincense, gold, and slaves.[2][3] The incense land trade from South Arabia to the Mediterranean flourished between roughly the 7th century BC and the 2nd century AD.[1]

Walk into plaza - panorama of plaza  

Turntable of Treasury entrance - view to the South West - mid morning sun. 

Walk into Treasury

Panorama of region leading to top down view of Treasury - Al Khubtha trail 2-3 hrs round trip. 

Survey of entire facility 

Monastery
Street of Facades

WADI RUM 

Tour of Valley - Lawrence of Arabia Steal. Slow side track with moving foreground of camels. 

Night sky - Milky Way rotates - Use Sony 8mm on tripod with timer.

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Italy 

VENICE

 

Night Row on Grand Canal.

Boat trip down the canals

Bridge of Sighs, Basilica, Palazzo, Corridors in palace

Castello 

Morano glass. 

Today, there are numerous attractions in Venice, such as St Mark's Basilica, the Doge's Palace, the Grand Canal, and the Piazza San Marco.

Two of the most noted Venetian writers were Marco Polo in the Middle Ages and, later, Giacomo Casanova. Polo (1254–1324) was a merchant who voyaged to the Orient. His series of books, co-written with Rustichello da Pisa and titled Il Milione provided important knowledge of the lands east of Europe, from the Middle East to China, Japan, and Russia. Giacomo Casanova (1725–1798) was a prolific writer and adventurer best remembered for his autobiography, Histoire De Ma Vie (Story of My Life), which links his colourful lifestyle to the city of Venice.

Venice has a rich and diverse architectural style, the most prominent of which is the Gothic style. Venetian Gothic architecture is a term given to a Venetian building style combining the use of the Gothic lancet arch with the curved ogee arch, due to Byzantine and Ottoman influences. The style originated in 14th-century Venice, with a confluence of Byzantine style from Constantinople, Islamic influences from Spain and Venice's eastern trading partners, and early Gothic forms from mainland Italy.[citation needed] Chief examples of the style are the Doge's Palace and the Ca' d'Oro in the city. The city also has several Renaissance and Baroque buildings, including the Ca' Pesaro and the Ca' Rezzonico.

Venetian taste was conservative and Renaissance architecture only really became popular in buildings from about the 1470s. More than in the rest of Italy, it kept much of the typical form of the Gothic palazzi, which had evolved to suit Venetian conditions. In turn the transition to Baroque architecture was also fairly gentle. This gives the crowded buildings on the Grand Canal and elsewhere an essential harmony, even where buildings from very different periods sit together. For example, round-topped arches are far more common in Renaissance buildings than elsewhere.

697-1797 AD   Republic of Venice

1204 AD          Captures Costantinople

1300's AD        Most powerful 

1453 AD           Looses Constantinople

1797 AD           Napoleon conquers


FLORENCE

Uffizi  paintings

Duomo dome

Ufffizi Museum 

Plaza Signoria

Accademia  Museumm 

Sanata Croce Basilica

Santa Maria Novella Basilica

Leonardo Da Vinchi

Donatello

Michalangelo

Raphael

Their works, together with those of many other generations of artists, are gathered in the several museums of the town: the Uffizi Gallery, the Palatina gallery with the paintings of the "Golden Ages",[76] the Bargello with the sculptures of the Renaissance, the museum of San Marco with Fra Angelico's works, the Academy, the chapels of the Medicis[77] Buonarroti's house with the sculptures of Michelangelo, the following museums: Bardini, Horne, Stibbert, Romano, Corsini, The Gallery of Modern Art, the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, the museum of Silverware and the museum of Precious Stones.[78] Several monuments are located in Florence: the Florence Baptistery with its mosaics; the cathedral with its sculptures, the medieval churches with bands of frescoes; public as well as private palaces: Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Medici RiccardiPalazzo Davanzati; monasteries, cloisters, refectories; the "Certosa". In the archaeological museum includes documents of Etruscan civilisation.[79] In fact the city is so rich in art that some first time visitors experience the Stendhal syndrome as they encounter its art for the first time.[80]

59 BC                 Established by Julius Ceasar

1450-1527 AD  Florence is center of Renaissance

1500's                Home of the Medici

CHINQUE TORRE

Riomaggiore - sunset Boat trip
Train/walk between villages

 

SIENA

Central square.

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ALASKA

Kyacking - waterproof phone, wildlife - Nikon.  Boat video - iPhone/Gimbal. 

Icefields  - 

2 bear flights - Nikon - helicopter - iPhone/Gimbal

Northern Lights/Milky Way.

Anchorage - Native Museums

Northern Lights in Fairbanks 3 nights.  Sony 7a & iPhone / tripod backup batteries

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INDONESIA and JAPAN

US to Singapore.

Borneo WT to see Orangutans from Kota Kinabalu

Tour Java & Bali - Jakarta, Krakatoa, Yagna, Bonsuru Temple, Bali

Raja Ampat WT Snorkel, from Sorong -  GoPro

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GREECE
Athens

Mycenae 

Santorini

Crete

Thessaloniki

TURKEY

Istambul

Epheysus

Cappodocia

Portugal 

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ICELAND - midsummer  https://guidetoiceland.is/nature-info/what-to-do-in-iceland

Vatnajokull Glacier

Vatnajokull NP - Dyrholaey  headland with sea birds inc. puffins.

Thingvellir NP - geothermal

Godafoss waterfall north leg of Golden circle 4 hrs to drive. 

 

SCOTLAND

Edinburgh 

Glen Coe 

Skye - Lewis 

 

IRELAND 

Dublin

McGillcuddy Reeks

PORTUGAL

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HISTORY OF IDEAS

See history page. Egypt, Greece, France, Spain, UK.  

Pharoses, Greek Enlightenment, Crusading monarchs, Renaissance, Secular democracy. 

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